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Asia and the World
ㆍDATA  2013.03.07    ㆍHIT  1,143
Maternal, neonatal, and child health in southeast Asia: towards greater regional collaboration
ㆍSource & Name  The Lancet


Although maternal and child mortality are on the decline in southeast Asia, there are still major disparities, and
greater equity is key to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. We used comparable cross-national data sources
to document mortality trends from 1990 to 2008 and to assess major causes of maternal and child deaths. We present
inequalities in intervention coverage by two common measures of wealth quintiles and rural or urban status. Case
studies of reduction in mortality in Thailand and Indonesia indicate the varying extents of success and point to some
factors that accelerate progress. We developed a Lives Saved Tool analysis for the region and for country subgroups to
estimate deaths averted by cause and intervention. We identified three major patterns of maternal and child mortality
reduction: early, rapid downward trends (Brunei, Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand); initially high declines (sustained
by Vietnam but faltering in the Philippines and Indonesia); and high initial rates with a downward trend (Laos,
Cambodia, and Myanmar). Economic development seems to provide an important context that should be coupled
with broader health-system interventions. Increasing coverage and consideration of the health-system context is
needed, and regional support from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations can provide increased policy support
to achieve maternal, neonatal, and child health goals.

Millennium Development Goal 1: poverty, hunger and decent work in Southeast Asia
A Comparative Perspective on Poverty Reduction in Brazil, China and India
Institute for Poverty Alleviation and International Development (IPAID) at Yonsei University
1, Yonseidae-gil, Wonju-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea
강원도 원주시 연세대길1 연세대학교 원주캠퍼스 정의관 316호 빈곤문제국제개발연구원
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